R – Glossary of Insurance Terms
This page provides a glossary of insurance terms and definitions that are commonly used in the insurance business. New terms will be added to the glossary over time.
The definitions in this glossary are developed by the NAIC Research and Actuarial Department staff based on various insurance references. These definitions represent a common or general use of the term. Some words and/or phrases may be defined differently by other entities, or used in a context such that the definition shown may not be applicable. naic.org
Rate – value of insured losses expressed as a cost per unit of insurance.
Risk Based Capital (RBC) Ratio – ratio used to identify insurance companies that are poorly capitalized. Calculated by dividing the company’s capital by the minimum amount of capital regulatory authorities have deemed necessary to support the insurance operations.
Rebate – a refund of part or all of a premium payment.
Reinsurance – a transaction between a primary insurer and another licensed (re) insurer where the reinsurer agrees to cover all or part of the losses and/or loss adjustment expenses of the primary insurer. The assumption is in exchange for a premium. Indemnification is on a proportional or non-proportional basis.
Reinsurer – company assuming reinsurance risk.
Renewable Term Insurance – insurance that is renewable for a limited number of successive terms by the policyholder and is not contingent upon medical examination.
Renters Insurance – liability coverage for contents within a renter’s residence. Coverage does not include the structure but does include any affixed items provided or changed by the renter.
Replacement Cost – the cost of replacing property without a reduction for depreciation due to normal wear and tear.
Reported Losses – Includes both expected payments for losses relating to insured events that have occurred and have been reported to the insurance company, but not yet paid.
Reserve – A portion of the premium retained to pay future claims
Reserve Credit – reduction of reserve amounts for reinsurance ceded. Reductions may include the claim reserve and/or the unearned premium reserve.
Residence – the domicile location of a member as shown by his or her determination as a resident.
Residual Market Plan – method devised for coverage of greater than average risk individuals who cannot obtain insurance through normal market channels.
Retention – a mechanism of internal fund allocation for loss exposure used in place of or as a supplement to risk transfer to an insurance company.
Retention Limit – maximum amount of medical and hospital expense an insurer will carry on its own. The limit can be for an individual claim and/or for the insurers total claims, depending upon the terms of the reinsurance contract.
Retrocession – the portion of risk that a reinsurance company cedes or amount of insurance the company chooses not to retain.
Retrospective Rating – the process of determining the cost of an insurance policy based on the actual loss experience determined as an adjustment to the initial premium payment.
Rider – an amendment to a policy agreement.
Risk – Uncertainty concerning the possibility of loss by a peril for which insurance is pursued.
Risk Retention Act – a 1986 federal statute amending portions of the Product Liability Risk Retention Act of 1981 and enacted to make organization of Risk Retention Groups and Purchasing Groups more efficient.
Risk Retention Group – group-owned insurer organized for the purpose of assuming and spreading the liability risks to its members.